The battle of Badr holds a great significance in Islamic history. It was the Battle that proved that the numerical strength of the army and numbers of weapons are useless if you do not have the support of Allah. Here we present some facts about the battle of Badr.
The date of Battle of Badr
Very few of us are aware of this fact that the battle of Badr took place in the month of Ramadan. The battle was fought on 17th of Ramadan i.e. March 17, 624 CE. The battle took place two years after the Prophet PBUH migrated from Makkah to Madina.
The first battle fought by the Muslims
The battle of Badr was the first major battle fought by the Muslims against the enemies of Islam during the Prophet’s PBUH life. However, many Muslims don’t know this fact that there were 8 other raids conducted by the Muslims before the Batter of Badr. In 4 of the raids conducted before the Batter of Badr, Prophet Muhammad S.A.W participated himself.
Badr is the name of an area
It is a generally known fact that Badr is the area where the battle was fought; the reason why it is called the battle of Badr. Badr is located at the south-west of Madina. It was used as a meeting point by those coming from Madina road and by the caravans approaching Makkah from Syria.
Badr is a place rich in date palms and water wells, it is naturally bordered by hills and mountains. Most of the present residents at Badr belong to a tribe named Harb.
Badr, at the time of Prophet PBUH, was used as a station. Caravans used to stop there so that their camels could drink water. A market used to be organized at Badr on an annual basis.
Muslims raided Quraish returning from Syria
Many Muslims don’t know the fact that the real cause of the battle of Badr was the raid of Muslims on Quraish caravans. The Quraish were returning from Syria. They were to reach Makkah. The Prophet PBUH asked his two companions to fetch news of the Quraish caravan.
The two companions followed the instructions and reached a location named Alhawra. When they saw that the caravan had arrived under the leadership of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, they rushed back to Madina to inform the Prophet PBUH with the news.
When Prophet Muhammad PBUH was to leave for the Battle of Badr, he stayed for a while in Masjid Suqya and offered his prayers after performing Wudu from Suqya well. Recommended: 6 facts about the Masjid Suqya and Suqya well
Muslims had a small army
Prophet Muhammad S.A.W asked his followers to get to the caravan. An army of 300 men (estimated figures lie between 313 and 317). It is a fact worth noting that in the battle of Badr, Muslims had only 2 horses and 70 camels with them. The army had men belonging to the Muhajirs (the immigrants) and the Ansars.
The Immigrants were 86 in number while the rest were supporters belonging to the tribes named Awas and Khazraj.
Muslims were not ready for a battle
It is also a lesser known fact about the battle of Badr that Muslims were not ready for a battle. They were going to raid trading caravans of Quraish which did not require a great army.
The Muslim army was divided into two by Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. The first group was of Muhajirin who were led by Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib and the second group was the supporters who were led by Saad ibn Muadh.
The two groups departed from Madina and reached Safra. Holy Prophet PBUH sent two of his companions to fetch reports about the enemy. Abu Sufyan, however, reached Makkah safely with his caravan.
He had changed the route and had given a rescue call in Makkah. The Quraish, on the call of Abu Sufyan, prepared an army of 1300 men, 100 horses and a significant number of camels. Abu Jahl led the army.
Abu Jahl forced this battle upon Quraish
Another lesser known fact about the battle of Badr is that even Quraish didn’t want to fight it. Abu Sufyan had sent the message of his safe return, yet Abu Jahl did not return. The arrogant leader did not allow his army to return. The Bani Zahrah tribe refused to obey him and the 300 men from the very tribe departed. The rest, 1000 men, was motivated for a war.
Banu Hashim tribe wanted to return as they did not want to be the part of the unnecessary war, yet they were not granted the permission by Abu Jahl and they marched along with the army. The army reached the Upper Adwa’ hillock. This hillock borders the Valley of Badr.
Ansar stood by the side of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W
Prophet Muhammad S.A.W was informed of the whole situation, he asked the Ansar for their advice. The Ansar who were under the leadership of Saad ibn Muadh confirmed that they would stand by the Holy Prophet PBUH in the war.
Allah revealed the news of victory to Prophet Muhammad S.A.W
The Muslims thereby marched Badr and rushed to the wells. Many Muslims don’t know the fact that Allah SWT revealed to the Prophet that Muslims shall emerge victoriously in the battle of Badr. This gave strength to the small number of the Muslim army. Whereupon Prophet Muhammad S.A.W broke the news that Allah had promised victory for them.
When the Quraish arrived with a huge army, Allah assured the Holy Prophet PBUH that the hearts of disbelievers would be filled with fear and Allah would help the Muslims by sending down an army of angels.
Quraish lost the sword contest
The war heated up when the Quraish lost the sword contest. The three of Quraish noblemen named Utbah ibn Rabiah, Shaibah, and Al¬ Walid ibn Utbah lost the sword contest at the hands of Hamza, Ali, and Ubaydah ibn Al-Harith. This heated them up and they went for an attack.
Muslims won the battle of Badr
The army of 1000 could not stand a chance against the faithful army of 300.This was all because of Allah’s help. The army of angels, strong faith and years of hardship paved way for victory.
70 of the best Quraish warriors including Abu Jahl, Umayyah ibn Khalaf, Al-As ibn Al¬Mughira and Abu Albahtari ibn Hisham were killed in the war.
Another 70 people were taken by Muslims as war prisoners. 14 of the Muslim men lost their lives in the war. The Muslims emerged victorious in a war which is indeed a miracle.
Allah promised them of victory and granted them one. The war was a turning point in Islamic history as after the war Muslims emerged as a strong nation.
The Prophet and his men stayed in Badr for three days. When he was about to begin his journey back to Madinah, he stood over the well and called out to each chieftain by name: “O son of so and so! Do you wish you had obeyed Allah and His Messenger? I have found that what my Lord promised me is true. Did you find your Lord’s promise true?”
“O Prophet ,” Umar asked, “How can you talk to bodies which have no soul?” “They hear me just as you do, but they cannot answer,” the Prophet explained.