From Abdullaah bin Mas’ood رضي الله عنه that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to supplicate and say:
« اللهُمَّ إنِّي أسْألُكَ الهُدى والتُّقى، والعَفافَ والغِنى »
‘O Allaah I ask of You guidance and piety, chastity and contentment.’
[Collected by Imam Muslim]
Allaahumma Inni Asalooka al Huda wal Tuqaa wal Afafa wal Ghina
Imam Sa’adi رحمه الله said:
‘This Dua: ‘O Allaah I ask of You guidance and piety’ is from the most comprehensive and beneficial Dua. It includes asking for the best of the Deen and the best of the Duniya.
Indeed ‘guidance’ is beneficial knowledge.
‘Piety’ is doing righteous actions and leaving off what Allaah prohibited and what Messenger prohibited on His behalf.
By these two matters the Deen is rectified, since the Deen is beneficial knowledge and truthful information and that is guidance. As for undertaking obedience to Allaah and His Messenger then that is Taqwaa.
As for the words (Chastity and contentment) the meaning here for chastity includes not being in need of the creation and not attaching the heart to the creation.
Being content with Allaah, with what He provides, and being satisfied with the provision, achieving that with which the heart becomes content and sufficient, then with this happiness in the Duniya becomes complete, relaxation of the heart and that is a good and delightful life.
Therefore, whoever is provided with guidance, piety, chastity and contentment then he acquires the two delights and happiness. He acquires all that he desires and is saved from every fear and phobia and Allaah knows best.’
[Bahjatul Qaloob al-Abraar 185]
Shaykh Uthaymeen -Rahimahullaah- said:
As for Chastity then it is being free from that which is not permissible, being fortified from the cravings of the Duniya, so al-Ifafa with all its types means being chaste from all types of Zina (evil sexual sins): the Zina of sight, Zina of touching, Zina of listening and Zina of the private parts.’
[Sharh Riyadh as-Saliheen 4/58]
Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim -Rahimahullaah- said:
‘The chaste person has sweetness on their face, have kindness and friendliness in their heart, whoever sits with them finds them to be friendly. As for the one who commits Zina then his face is overwhelmed with gloom and strangeness, whoever sits with him finds him to be peculiar and feels strangeness from him.’
[Rowdat al-Muhibbeen 1/361]